Environmental Sustainability - A rising challenge in India

Environmental sustainability is becoming a great challenge in India as the projected economic growth of over eight percent is expected to result in a growth of energy demand. Climate Change, mainly caused by the emission of greenhouse gases from energy intensive human economic activities based on fossil fuels has become a grim reality.

Half of the 88 industrial clusters have been identified as critically polluted by the Central Pollution Control Board. An action plan for its remediation is in progress.

The National Action Plan for climate change, which hinges on the development and use of new technologies, will focus on promoting understanding of climate change, adaptation and mitigation energy efficiency and natural resource conservation. The National Solar Mission aims to increase the share of solar energy in the total energy mix, while the mission on Enhanced Efficiency aims at staying up to 10000 MW by the end of 11th Five Year Plan in 2012.

India has announced its intent to reduce emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% between 2005 and 2020 thus making a major contribution to mitigating the climate change. An expert group on low carbon strategy for inclusive growth has been constituted under the Planning Commission to develop a roadmap for low carbon development.

Even as the call for ecological sustainability get louder, Indian corporates are seen pro-actively working towards greener initiative in proclaiming the adopted sustainability measures.
The movement to adopt sustainable practices has emerged as a priority issue, especially in the backdrop of climate change becoming a stark reality.