As per the report published by Rodale Institute, organic agriculture can be a solution to reduce global warming. Agriculture sector contributes about 17% in the emission of green house gases which cause climate change and global warming. So global warming can be considerably reduced by organic agriculture or sometimes referred to as organic farming. The following table shows the contribution of various sectors towards global warming.
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Organic agriculture is a type of agriculture that involves crop rotation per season, organic manure which contains animal dung, compost and biological pest control. It also involves the use of mechanical cultivation which helps in retaining the productivity of soil. In organic agriculture, the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are strictly prohibited.
Organic agriculture can reduce the production of crops per hectare as compared to the conventional methods but it is equally important that we maintain the productivity of soil so that it should not turn into desert after excessive exploitation. The artificial fertilizers boosts the production of crops per hectare but they make the soil dependent on artificial addictives. As the time progresses, the soil loses its productivity and it converts into a deserted land.
Organic agriculture or organic farming also controls the emission of green house gases which reduces the impact of global warming and climate change. In US, agriculture sector accounts for 7% of overall Carbon Dioxide emission, 20-25% of Methane gas emission and about 70% of Nitrous Oxide emission. According to the EPA, Methane gas is 23 times more potent a green house gas (GHG) than carbon dioxide and Nitrous oxide is 310 times as potent as GHG.
So it is very clear from the above stats that how important organic agriculture is to control global warming and climate change.
Labels: Global Warming